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SCOPE OF NOVON
Novon publishes short articles whose primary purpose is the
establishment of new nomenclature in vascular plants and bryophytes.
CONDITIONS FOR PUBLICATION
Authors are urged to contact the managing editor prior to
submitting manuscripts. Because the
electronic file will be used for typesetting, it is important to adhere
to the items listed in the format section of the checklist. Authors are not
producing a camera-ready copy. Authors’ electronic files are prepared by the
editors and are sent to the printer for formatting. Every electronic file sent
by the author should be clearly labeled with the first author’s last name, the
first four letters of the taxon involved, and an indication of the file’s
contents (i.e., text, figure, table, etc.).
Manuscripts that have been reviewed before submission will
be subject to Novon's normal review process. Submissions will be reviewed for
nomenclatural correctness under the current edition of the International Code
of Botanical Nomenclature, for the preexistence of any proposed new
nomenclature, and for scientific merit. It is the author's responsibility to
supply missing bibliographic information; Novon does not perform library
research except by prior arrangement with authors not having access to crucial
Isotypes of entities described in Novon are to be deposited
at MO whenever sufficient material is available.
Manuscripts not properly prepared may be returned for
revision prior to review. Communication with Novon at all points of the
publication process is encouraged. Follow the checklist below.
Check off the boxes and send this checklist with the
Page costs are $60 per page, although charges may sometimes
be reduced or waived. Changes in proof made by authors will be billed
non-negotiably to the author at $3.50 per line changed.
Submissions should be addressed to:
Missouri Botanical Garden Press
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299 U.S.A.
Managing Editor (Street address)
Missouri Botanical Garden Press
Monsanto Center, 4500 Shaw Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63110-2291 U.S.A.
Tel: (314) 577-9473 ext 6519
Fax: (314) 577-9594
□ Manuscript is submitted as Microsoft Word
[preferable] file via email if possible or by ftp [contact mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org for instructions or
for alternate electronic media].
□ Electronic file of manuscript is labeled
with first author’s last name, first four letters of the taxon involved, and an
indication of what the file contains, e.g., Celis Cipu text.doc, Celis Cipu
Figure1.tif, Celis Cipu Table1.doc, etc.
□ If the manuscript is not submitted via
email, it is submitted either on diskette or CD. The manuscript and figures may
also be deposited on our FTP site. Contact mailto:email@example.com
scans of figures are included with the submission, with the understanding that
these may have to be revised based on review. Low-resolution JPEG images are
suitable for the review process, but are not acceptable for final submission to
the printer. See the printer’s electronic illustration requirements. Go to http://www.mbgpress.org/; click on the
Publication Submissions at upper right of opening page; click on Guide to
Digital Art, Allen Press.
□ Email or letter is enclosed containing the
author’s full mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address
□ When new names and new combinations are
proposed, photographic copies of the page on which the basionyms and replaced
names were published and the title page of the work in which they were
published are enclosed [pdf files are acceptable].
2. Format of
□ Right-hand margin is not justified, and
words are not hyphenated there.
□ One space is inserted after periods, colons,
question marks, and all other punctuation marks.
□ First sentences of paragraphs are indented
with a tab.
□ Two hyphens with no space between them are
used to indicate ranges of numbers, for example, page numbers, 20--23;
measurements, 5--7 mm; altitudes, 1500--2500 m.
□ A single hyphen is used in hyphenated words,
for example, 9-nerved, oval-triangular.
□ Common Latin words or phrases are not
italicized (e.g., et al., i.e., sensu, etc.).
□ Authorities, spelled out in full, are
provided for species’ names the first time they are mentioned in the text.
Brummit & Powell’s Authors of Plant Names has been followed for inclusion
of authorities’ initials.
□ Only taxon names at the rank of genus and
below are italicized.
□ Correct accents, umlauts, and other
diacritical marks have been included.
□ All figures and tables are cited in the text
and are numbered in the order in which they are to appear.
□ No footnotes are included.
□ A recent issue of Novon is used as a model
for organization of text (as opposed to formatting).
□ Chicago Manual of Style, latest edition, is
used as a reference.
□ The title is informative. It includes the
name of the taxon under discussion [usually genus] and the major taxon [usually
family] to which it belongs; a vernacular name for one of these, when commonly
used and known; and the geographical area concerned.
□ The authors’ names and addresses (including
email addresses) appear just below the title.
& Key Words
□ A one-paragraph abstract precedes the text.
Papers in Spanish have an English abstract in addition to a Spanish resumen.
□ The abstract includes a list of the nova and
succinctly summarizes the basis for creating the new species rather than
repeating the information contained in the title or simply listing the nova.
□ A brief list of key words immediately
follows the Abstract.
□ New taxa, for which Latin is required, are
validated with a short diagnosis followed by a full description in the language
of the paper.
□ New taxa take the form: Taxon name
Author(s). Type. Reference to figure(s). Latin diagnosis. Full description.
□ New combinations take the form: New
combination (Basionym author(s)) Author(s). Basionym: citation. Other earlier
combinations based on the same basionym. Type of the basionym.
□ Synonyms based on different types are placed
in separate paragraphs, each beginning with the basionym, followed by other
combinations (if appropriate), and citation of the type.
□ If the synonymy being listed is thought to
be new, the words "Syn. nov." are placed after the basionym.
□ New names take the form: New name Author(s).
Replaced name: citation. Other earlier combinations based on the same type.
Type of the replaced name.
□ Exclamation points are not used for
specimens examined. Types not seen are indicated as such (e.g., MO, US not
□ If specimens in addition to the holotype are
listed, their location is specified. For example, “holotype, MO; isotypes, F,
NY, and to be distributed” is not acceptable.
□ For type collections, initials of collectors
□ If types have been distributed under other,
previously published, names, those names are indicated, but herbarium names are
□ Lectotype designations are included together
with an indication of where they were designated, the year, and the author.
This reference is listed in the Literature Cited. If the author of the paper
submitted is making the lectotypification, the phrase “designated here” is
□ When relevant, nomina nuda, misapplied names,
and superfluous names are included in the discussion following the description,
but are not part of the formal synonymy.
□ Tables are neat, double-spaced, and clearly
presented. In most cases the printer will typeset these from hard copy.
□ Captions are typed double-spaced as
paragraphs at the tops of the tables.
□ Each table starts on a separate sheet.
□ Periods are used after all abbreviations
(which are minimized) except metric measures, compass directions, and herbarium
□ When dates are given as part of collection
information, three-letter month abbreviations are used, except for months with
four letters, which are spelled out in full.
□ States are not abbreviated, and cities are
spelled out. [St., as in St. Louis, is acceptable.]
□ Periodicals are abbreviated according to
B-P-H (Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum) and to B-P-H/S
□ Authors' names are spelled out in full, with
initials added according to Authors of Plant Names.
□ Book titles are abbreviated according to
Taxonomic Literature, edition 2, but with initial letters capitalized. Book
titles are spelled out in the Literature Cited.
□ If an item does not appear in B-P-H or TL-2,
or if these references are not available, its title is fully spelled out.
□ Herbaria are abbreviated according to the
most recent edition of Index Herbariorum.
□ Abbreviated forms are not used for
references in the text, except when citing the names of plants. If it is
necessary to cite a particular page in the text, the form Smith (1998: 12) is
□ The names of authors of plants' names are
spelled out rather than being abbreviated, except for L. (Linnaeus), DC. (de
Candolle), and HBK (Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth). When two or more authors
with the same family name have published names of plants, initials are added to
avoid ambiguity. Authors of Plant Names (1992) has been used as a guide for
□ Cited names of authors usually written in
non-Roman characters, for example Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Hebrew, are
spelled as they were transliterated in the original publication. If they were
not transliterated there, pin-yin is used for Chinese and The Chicago Manual of
Style, 15th ed. (1993), is followed for Cyrillic and others. Chinese names are
given in the traditional Chinese order, family name followed by given names(s),
rather than in the western form.
□ Specimens cited for new taxa, other than the
holo- and isotype(s), are designated paratypes, not additional specimens
studied, unless doubt of their identity is specifically mentioned in the
□ Specimens cited take this form: COUNTRY.
Major political division: specific locality, Collector number (or year if no
number; use s.n. if no number and no year), (herbarium acronym(s)).
□ When available, an isotype of a taxonomic
novelty described in Novon has been deposited in the MO herbarium.
Vouchers and Genetic Sequences
□ If the paper presents original data, associated
herbarium vouchers are cited. [Vouchers for seed and/or other collections
should be included where pertinent. Dependent on the paper, reference to the
original wild source may be required.] Vouchers are also cited from common
names and uses taken from specimen labels.
□ Herbarium vouchers state the collector and
number, herbarium in which the voucher is located, and a clear annotation that
the material represents the voucher for the study in question.
□ Nucleic acid or protein sequences corresponding
to equal or greater than 50 nucleotides are entered into an appropriate data
bank, e.g., GenBank/EMBL. The accession numbers are provided before
publication. [Long sequences (exceeding two pages) will not be routinely
□ Author accepts responsibility for
establishing the accuracy of information provided.
□ Keys are clear and have been checked
carefully for consistency with the descriptions. Leads of each couplet are
□ Dichotomous keys are indented.
□ Couplets are numbered as 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, and
□ These are the last paragraph of the paper,
just before the Literature Cited.
□ They include information on granting
agencies, herbaria that loaned specimens, and the name of the artist, where appropriate.
□ The Literature Cited contains full citations
of all references cited in the text.
□ All entries in the Literature Cited are
cited in the text.
□ Spelling of author(s) name(s) and years of
publication have been double-checked.
□ All entries have been verified against
original sources, especially journal titles, accents, diacritical marks, and
spelling in languages other than English.
□ Periodicals are listed as follows: author’s
last name, initial(s). Year. Full title of article. Journal abbreviated as in
B-P-H/S. Volume: pages. No parenthetical part numbers after volume numbers are
given unless each part is paginated separately.
□ For more than one author, this style is
followed: author’s last name, initial(s), second author’s initial(s), last name
& third author’s initial(s), last name.
□ Books appear as follows: author’s last name,
initial(s). Year. Full Unabbreviated Title (edited by Editor), 3rd ed., Vol. 2.
Publisher, City of Publication.
□ For an article within a larger work, this
style is followed: Author(s). Year. Name of the article. Pp. 00--00 in Name of
the editor(s), Full Title of Larger Work. Publisher, City of Publication.
□ Citations of work “in prep.,” unpublished
theses and dissertations, and similar references to inaccessible sources have
been eliminated or kept to a minimum. They are not necessarily included in the
□ Electronic figures are labeled with the
first author’s last name, the first four letters of the taxon, and
“...Figure1.tif”, “...Figure2.tif”, etc. The file extension clearly indicates
what type of file it is.
□ Scale bars appear on illustrations,
photographs, and maps.
□ Magnifications/reductions are not
indicated in captions.
□ Electronic scans may be pre-sized to fit
either column width (2-5/8 in. or ca. 68 mm) or full-page width (5-1/2 in. or
ca. 140 mm). Full page images should be a minimum of 5-1/2 in. or ca 140 mm in
□ Figures are numbered in Arabic numerals in
the order of their citation in the text. Parts of figures are labeled with
□ Photographs are prepared according to the
printer’s requirements [See Guide to Digital Art, Allen Press through the
Publication Submissions link on the opening page of http://www.mbgpress.org/.]
□ Figures are grouped into composite plates
when possible; edges of photographs are abutted.
□ No stripping is inserted between plate or
figure segments. [Printer will insert stripping.]
□ Edges of figures are squared.
□ Maps include reference to latitude and
longitude and are bounded by a fine border.
□ Scanning electron micrographs are free of
□ Axes on graphs are all labeled.
□ Captions provide all explanatory text.
Captions are separate from other text, one paragraph for each group of figures,
and following the style in current issues of Novon.
□ Symbols on maps are legible and reduction
has been taken into consideration.